Only around 15 per cent of people diagnosed as being depressed actually are, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have discovered. The over-diagnosis of the condition is "staggering", said lead researcher Ramin Mojtabai.
His research discovered that six out of seven people diagnosed as clinically depressed didn't meet any of the standard criteria for depression. Their findings were based on an analysis of 5,639 people, aged 65 years and older, who had been diagnosed as clinically depressed over the previous 12 months. Most of them were taking psychiatric medication and antidepressants, usually on the basis of the most recent diagnosis. Very few of them had been diagnosed with depression before.
(Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 2013; 82: 161-9).