Common diseases such as heart disease, cancer, liver diseases and osteoporosis are not the same for men and women; symptoms and disease progression are different, say researchers from the Padua University Hospital.
Their discoveries present a new challenge for the pharmaceutical industry: producing drugs that are gender specific.
Typical symptoms of heart disease are a constricted chest and pain that passes down the left arm-but that's only true for men. Women experience heart problems as nausea and lower abdominal pain. Similarly, colon cancer develops later in women, and the tumours have a different location in the female body, say the researchers.
(Source: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 2013; 1. doi: 10.1515/cclm-2012-0849).