Helping you make better health choices

In shops now or delivered to your home from only £3.50 an issue!


Back pain treatments at a glance

MagazineSeptember 1999 (Vol. 10 Issue 6)Back pain treatments at a glance

Risk factors for chronic back pain:

Risk factors for chronic back pain:

Previous history of low back pain

Radiating leg pain

Signs of nerve root involvement

Vascular problems

Reduced straight leg raising

Reduced trunk muscle strength and endurance

Poor physical fitness

Heavy smoking

Low job satisfaction

Psychological distress, especially depressive symptoms

Heavy physical work at home or in job

Birth (or surgical procedure) under epidural anaesthesia

Most effective treatments:

Staying active

Spinal manipulation

Possibly effective treatments:



Group education


Least effective treatments:

Bed rest

Routine analgesics


Opioid analgesics


Transcutaneous electrical nerve

stimulation (TENS):


Trigger point and ligament injections

Epidural injections


The psychology of pain

You may also be interested in...

Sign up for free today

Sign up now to get your FREE 17-point Plan to Great Health

Free membership gives you access to our latest news reports, use of our community area, forums, blogs, readers' health tips and our twice-weekly
e-news letter.

WDDTY Recommends

Latest Tweet


Since 1989, WDDTY has provided thousands of resources on how to beat asthma, arthritis, cancer, depression and many other chronic conditions.

Start by looking in our fully searchable database, active and friendly community forums and the latest health news.

Positive SSL Wildcard

Facebook Twitter

Most Popular Health Website of the Year 2014

© 2010 - 2016 WDDTY Publishing Ltd.
All Rights Reserved